Every year more than 200 million people are affected by droughts, flood, cyclone, earthquake and other hazardous. Triggered by the combination of natural hazardous and vulnerabilities, the number of disasters is on the rise. Increase population densities, environmental degradation and global warming adding to poverty, make the situation even worse.
Sundarban region of West Bengal is a pristine ecosystem located at the southern fringe of state of West Bengal which harbours unplanned Biodiversity. The ecosystem considered one of the seven most important wetland globally, is internationally recognized as one of the major climatic hotspot.
The ecosystem including the human inhabited has faced several hazardous events of natural origin in past few years. The events including a series of high intensity cyclone, beside such high intensity weather events the eco-region also faces with other environmental deterrents- both climatic and non climatic like relative sea level rise, reduces low of fresh water into the mangrove system, very high population density, Indiscrimination fishing and prawn cultivation, degradation of forest, poor livelihood opportunity and migration pattern. Angikar is actively involved in Disaster risk mitigation and relief work in Sundarban.
What we do:
- Disaster Prevention: Disaster risk reduction includes disciplines like disaster management, disaster mitigation and disaster preparedness, but DRR is also part of sustainable development. In order for development activities to be sustainable they must also reduce disaster risk. On the other hand, unsound development policies will increase disaster risk - and disaster losses. Thus, DRR involves every part of society, every part of government, and every part of the professional and private sector.
Digambarpur Angikar has adopted 18 disaster prone “Aila & Amphan Affected” villages/ island under its Disaster mitigation strategy programme. As a part of organization’s regular activities the villagers in these villages are being sensitizing on the following issues through ongoing community level meetings:
- Procedure to adopting preparedness measures to effectively handle disaster situations to minimize loss of human lives and property.
- Importance on convergence in-between different departments and Govt officials to act in time to manage any disaster in a proactive pre planned well coordinated manner.
- Importance of Formation and strengthen of Disaster Risk Management Committee [DRMC] with active community involvement. Strengthen DRMC time to time etc.
- Relief support to BULBUL victims: On 9th November, 2019 cyclone ‘BULBUL’ devastated the entire life and livelihood of the people living in Sundarban deltaic region under North and South 24 Parganas District of West Bengal. The cyclone affected around 6.5 million people and reportedly damaging or destroyed more than a million kachha houses. .The suddenness of cyclone Bulbul severely disrupted local livelihoods, immediate source of food source and basic medical services. In partnership with ONGC, Digambarpur Angikar played significant role immediate after the Bulbul disaster at Namkhana and Sagar Blocks, two most affected blocks in South 24 Parganas District. ONGC has taking care of 1000 most affected family with supply of dry food, Tarpaulin, medicated mosquito net, wool made blankets, health and hygienic kits ,including Sanitary Napkin and immediate requirement Toiletries Kits.
- Relief support to AMPHAN victims: Within COVID-19 pandemic and lockdown situation, dated 20th May, 2020 the extremely severe biggest cyclone ‘Amphan’ made landfall near Sagar Island ,Sundarban around 2.30 pm with wind speed of 185 kmph and bears down millions of people in the state. The cyclone devastated entire life and livelihood of the people living in Sundarban deltaic region under North and South 24 Parganas District as well as parts of neighbouring districts, affected more than 2 million people and reportedly damaging or destroyed more than a million kachha houses, school & ICDS building, roads, destroyed rive embankment, domestic animals. Millions of trees were uprooted in the gales, electricity and telephone lines brought down and houses flattened and more than 2 million people without power, without drinking water, basic sanitation facility and no tale communication. The suddenness of super cyclone Amphan severely disrupted local livelihoods and standing crops, mainly paddy and vegetable has been totally destroyed and damaged, freshwater ponds used for pisi-culture were filled with saline water, killing vegetation and many local fish varieties. Prawn farms, boats and nets used for river and sea fishing and nearly all other productive assets has been either destroyed or washed away. Thousands of pet animals [Mainly Goat, Sheep, hen, Poultry farming, Cow, bullock etc] has also died or injured. Agriculture land has rendered unfit for cultivation due to saline inundation, estimated at 90% loss in majority blocks in Sundarban and erstwhile local options for daily wage labour has been affected adversely. Digambarpur Angikar in partnership with ASHA for Education, BRLF, Tiger’s widow Organization and – Tzedek stand beside 5000 disaster victim needy and endangered HHs through distribution dry ration food and safety kits.